What Indicators on Muslim Education in India can be computed?
The comprehensive information about the education of Muslims in India, exclusively based on UDISE data available from 2006-07 for the elementary level and from 2012-13 for the entire school education in India, allows us to examine Muslim enrolment in Grades I to VIII from 2006-07 to 2021-22 and in Grades I to XII from 2012-13 to 2021-22, which provides a reasonably long time series to identify trends for Muslim Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, and OBC enrolment.
It is important to note that DISE became UDISE in 2012-13, using a single Data Capture Format to collect data for Grades I to XII in the entire school education system. Since then, UDISE has been recognized as Unified DISE, popularly known as UDISE. In 2018-19, UDISE was transferred from NIEPA to the Department of School Education & Literacy and renamed UDISEPlus (UDISE+). Additionally, in 2012-13, UDISE was designated as the Official Statistics and the sole source of information on school education in India, making it the basis for presenting and analyzing Muslim and total enrolment at different levels of school education in India from 2012-13 to 2021-22.
The following indicators can be computed and analyzed at the all-India level concerning Muslim education in schools by using the UDISEPlus/UDISE data:
- Enrolment: Total, Boys & Girls in Grades I to XII (school education level), Grades I to V (primary), Grades VI to VIII (upper primary), Grades IX to X (secondary), and Grades XI to XII (higher secondary).
- Gross Enrolment Ratio: Total, Boys & Girls at primary, upper primary, secondary, and higher secondary levels, both at the all-India and state-specific levels.
- Percentage of Muslim enrolment at different levels of school education to total enrolment at school education.
- Percentage of Muslim enrolment at different levels of school education in proportion to total Muslim enrolment during 2012-13 to 2021-22.
- Gender Parity Index at all levels of school education.
- Percentage of boys and girls enrolment compared to total enrolment at different levels of education.
- Percent enrollment change over the previous year at different levels of school education.
- The average annual rate of growth during the period 2012-13 to 2021-22 at different levels of education.
- Average annual dropout rate separately for boys and girls at the primary, upper primary, and secondary levels of education.
- Transition rate of Muslims from primary to upper primary, elementary to secondary, and secondary to higher secondary levels of education.
- Retention rate at the end of primary and elementary levels of education, specifically for boys and girls Muslim enrolment.
- Projection of Muslim child population aged 6 to 10, 11 to 13, 14 to 15, and 16 to 17 years at both all-India and state-specific levels; and
- Analysis of Muslim enrolment in higher education, projection of 18 to 23 years population, and computation of Gross Enrolment Ratio for Muslims, separately for Boys and Girls.
Indicators can be computed both at the state and all-India levels can be computed & analyzed wherever possible. Most indicators are derived from grade-wise enrolment and repeaters of 2020-21 and 2021-22. Some statistical tables are presented in the text, while others are annexed. The data can be sourced from the official portal of https://UDISEplus.gov.in. Higher Education enrolment may be downloaded from the official portal. i,e, https://aishe.gov.in/aishe/