Impact of Solar Panels on Indian Schools

A Comprehensive Analysis Based on  UDISEPlus 2021-22 Data


Solar energy has emerged as a sustainable and eco-friendly solution to meet the increasing energy demands of schools in India. Installing solar panels in educational institutions holds immense importance as they ensure uninterrupted electricity supply, reduce dependency on traditional energy sources, and contribute to a greener future. It is also a fact that most schools, especially in rural areas, do not have uninterrupted power even though schools have electricity connections. Many schools in India do not have provision/funding to deposit electricity bills. Of late, Solar panels have become a significant renewable energy source, revolutionizing how we power our schools and educational institutions. In recent years, there has been a growing emphasis on installing solar panels in schools across India.

The Present Article

This article aims to comprehensively analyze the presence and impact of solar panels in schools at national and state levels in the states of Assam, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bihar while highlighting the importance and usefulness of solar energy in the education sector.

Importance and Usefulness of Solar Panels: Solar panels offer numerous advantages for schools, making them an excellent investment worth considering. Here are some key benefits:

  1. Environmental Sustainability: Solar panels produce clean and renewable energy, reducing schools’ carbon footprint and creating a healthier environment, which helps students understand the importance of sustainable practices and inspires them to embrace renewable energy solutions.
  2. Cost Savings: Schools can significantly reduce electricity bills by harnessing the sun’s energy. Solar panel installations provide a long-term and reliable source of electricity, diminishing the dependence on traditional power sources and mitigating the impact of rising electricity prices.
  3. Educational Opportunities: Solar panels in schools enable practical learning experiences related to renewable energy and sustainability. Students can engage in hands-on activities, experiments, and research, fostering scientific curiosity and environmental awareness. Installing Solar Panels in schools ensures a consistent power supply for various educational activities, including classrooms, computer labs, projectors, and other equipment. Additionally, solar panels help charge devices such as laptops, tablets, and mobile phones, enabling students and teachers to stay connected.
  4. Energy Independence: Solar panels provide schools independence from the electricity grid, especially in areas with unreliable power supply, which ensures uninterrupted access to electricity, creating a conducive environment for teaching and learning.

Adoption and Usefulness of Solar Panels in Indian Schools

Schools Solar panels have gained significant traction in Indian schools due to their numerous benefits. They help in harnessing clean and renewable energy from the sun, contributing to a reduction in carbon emissions. Installing solar panels in schools is particularly crucial in areas with limited or no access to electricity.

Importance in the Absence of Electricity Connection in Schools

The absence of a reliable grid electricity connection in schools can hamper teaching and learning. Solar panels act as a viable solution in such scenarios, providing a steady source of electricity. It ensures that students can study without interruptions, teachers can conduct lessons seamlessly, and administrative tasks can be carried out efficiently. Solar-powered schools also serve as community centers during emergencies or natural disasters, providing a safe and reliable space for various activities.

Solar panel in indian Government school

Solar panel in an Indian Government school.

Importance in the Absence of Electricity Connection in Schools

Schools in many rural and remote areas lack electricity connections, hindering education and overall development. Solar panels offer a reliable solution in such situations. These are their key advantages:

  1. Lighting & Power: Solar panels can provide adequate lighting for classrooms, libraries, and other school facilities. They also power essential equipment such as computers, audio-visual systems, and fans, improving the learning environment.
  2. Extended Study Hours: With solar-powered lighting, schools can conduct evening classes, providing students with more study opportunities, particularly during exams.
  3. Digital Learning: Solar panels enable digital learning tools, ensuring students in remote areas can access quality educational resources; this bridges the digital divide and promotes educational equality.

State-specific analysis of Solar Panels in Schools


  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 3.1%
  • Assam faces challenges in terms of limited electricity access in rural areas. The installation of solar panels in schools can help overcome this issue.
  • Increased solar panel adoption would enhance education opportunities, improve engagement, and provide a sustainable learning environment.

Andhra Pradesh

  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 5.6%
  • With many government schools having solar panels, Andhra Pradesh is making notable progress in promoting clean energy in education.
  • Enhanced solar panel implementation can strengthen the state’s commitment to renewable energy and environmental stewardship.


  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 6.8%
  • Kerala’s focus on solar panel deployment has resulted in many schools benefiting from renewable energy.
  • Continued investment in solar energy infrastructure will bolster Kerala’s commitment to sustainable education and contribute to its green initiatives.

Uttar Pradesh

  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 8.8%
  • Uttar Pradesh has made considerable progress in installing solar panels in schools, with 4.9% of government schools and 9.9% of government-aided schools benefiting from solar energy.
  • The relatively high adoption rate in Uttar Pradesh indicates a solid commitment to sustainable education and reducing reliance on traditional energy sources.



  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 5.5%
  • Solar panel adoption in Gujarat is significant, with 4% of government schools and 11.1% of government-aided schools utilizing solar energy.
  • The state’s focus on renewable energy, including solar power, has contributed to Gujarat’s reputation as a leader in sustainable development.

Madhya Pradesh

  • The percentage of Schools with Solar Panels is only 4.5% compared to 4.2% such government schools and another 6.2% government-aided schools. Madhya Pradesh is committed to renewable energy initiatives, including solar power, with ambitious projects being presently implemented across the state.

West Bengal

  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 3.3%
  • Solar panel adoption in West Bengal remains relatively low, with only 2.3% of government schools utilizing solar energy.
  • The state has yet to fully tap into the potential benefits of solar panels in schools, and increased adoption could help address energy access challenges in rural and remote areas.


  • Percentage of Schools with Solar Panels: 7.2%
  • Jharkhand has made noteworthy progress in installing solar panels in schools, with 6.7% of government schools and 7.3% of government-aided schools benefiting from solar energy solutions.
  • The state’s commitment to utilizing solar power in schools demonstrates a proactive approach toward providing reliable electricity access and promoting sustainability in education.


  • Schools with Solar Panels are 8.3%, with 7.5% of government schools and 8.4% of government-aided schools benefiting from solar energy solutions. The percentage of such KVS is 14.3 and 12.8%, NVS has installed the solar panel in its schools.

While some have made significant strides in solar panel adoption in schools, others have room to enhance their efforts. Implementing solar panels in educational institutions plays a pivotal role in ensuring access to quality education and promoting sustainability. Continued investments and incentives can further facilitate the widespread deployment of solar panels, benefiting schools and the environment across these states. Increased adoption of solar panels in schools across states would bring similar advantages, as mentioned previously.

Analysis of Solar Panels in Schools by Management in India

At the all-India level, the adoption of solar panels in schools varies across different types of institutions based on their management. Here is the analysis of solar panel installations in government, aided, private unaided, Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS), Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS), and other schools:

Government Schools

  • Percentage of Government Schools with Solar Panels: 5.3%
  • Government schools have shown a moderate adoption rate of solar panels, with 5.3% of schools benefitting from this renewable energy source.
  • This indicates a positive step towards sustainable education practices and reducing dependence on traditional energy sources in government-run educational institutions.

Government Aided Schools

  • Percentage of Government Aided Schools with Solar Panels: 7.6%
  • Government-aided schools have a slightly lower adoption rate than government schools, with 7.6% of schools utilizing solar panels.
  • Encouraging the installation of solar panels in government-aided schools can further improve access to clean and reliable energy, contributing to sustainable education.

Private Unaided Recognized Schools

  • Percentage of Private Unaided Recognized Schools with Solar Panels: 10.7%
  • Private, unaided, recognized schools have demonstrated a relatively higher adoption rate for solar panels, with 10.7% of institutions utilizing solar energy.
  • The higher percentage indicates a greater inclination towards investing in renewable energy solutions and providing a sustainable learning environment in private schools.

Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan (KVS) Schools

  • Percentage of KVS Schools with Solar Panels: 37.2%
  • KVS schools have significantly embraced solar panel installations, with an impressive 37.2% of schools benefiting from solar energy.
  • This reflects the strong commitment of KVS to promoting sustainability and renewable energy in education.

Navodaya Vidyalaya Samiti (NVS) Schools

  • Percentage of NVS Schools with Solar Panels: 18%
  • NVS schools have a relatively lower adoption rate than KVS schools, with 18% of schools utilizing solar panels.
  • There is still potential for further implementation of solar panels in NVS schools to reduce carbon footprints and promote renewable energy.

Other Schools

  • Percentage of Other Schools with Solar Panels: 6.6%
  • The “Other Schools” category shows a moderate adoption rate of solar panels, with 6.6% of schools benefitting from solar energy.
  • Encouraging solar panel installations in these schools can contribute to sustainable education practices and create awareness about clean energy.

While some categories, like KVS schools, have made substantial progress in solar panel adoption, there is room for improvement across government, aided, private unaided, NVS, and other schools. Increased efforts, incentives, and awareness can lead to broader adoption of solar panels in schools, promoting sustainable education practices and a greener future.

Percentage of Schools having  Solar Panels by Management, 2021-22

India/ State/UT All

Management Schools having Solar Panels

Government Schools having Solar Panel Government

Aided Schools



Recognized Schools

Other Schools
Total Government Schools Kendriya Vidhyala  Schools Navodaya Vidhyala Schools Other Central

Government Schools


Government Schools

India 6.7 5.3 10.5 37.2 18.0 5.3 7.6 10.7 6.6
Andaman and Nicobar Islands 3.1 2.9 33.3 2.7 4.2
Andhra Pradesh 5.6 3.9 17.1 73.3 100 3.9 5.7 10.8 9
Arunachal Pradesh 4.9 3.4 15.8 6.3 33.3 3.3 22.1 11.1 8.5
Assam 3.1 3.4 5.2 33.3 8.3 3.4 0.5 4.5 0.4
Bihar 8.3 7.5 14.3 12.8 75 7.5 8.4 12.4 10.7
Chandigarh 67.8 74 25 50 76.7 71.4 80.3 3.7
Chhattisgarh 3.7 3.8 5.6 28.6 16.7 3.8 5.3 3.1 1
Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu 12.0 14.2 33.3 14.1
Delhi 28.1 39 52.2 100 38.7 17.8 17.6
Goa 1.9 1 100 0.7 2 6.5
Gujarat 5.5 4 11.1 35.3 4 6.6 8.8
Haryana 16.4 10.5 2.9 28.6 33.3 10.5 18.8 26.6 19.4
Himachal Pradesh 4.5 4.1 4 58.3 36.4 4 0 6.9
Jammu and Kashmir 9 9.2 20 9.2 100 7.9 13.3
Jharkhand 7.2 6.7 7.3 15.4 25 6.7 6.6 13.8 8.1
Karnataka 12.8 10.2 11.5 80 21.1 10.2 15.2 18.7 9.1
Kerala 6.8 8.7 7.7 14.3 8.7 3.8 11.1 5.4
Ladakh 15.8 13.4 66.7 50 100 13 25 31.3 0
Lakshadweep 2.6 2.6 2.8
Madhya Pradesh 4.4 4.2 8.9 24.1 30.8 4.1 6.2 5.4 3.1
Maharashtra 10.5 10 5 52.9 9.1 10 10.8 12.1 5.5
Manipur 7.6 1.8 27.3 1.7 1 27.4 10.4
Meghalaya 1.8 1.6 18.2 1.6 1.8 2.6 3.1
Mizoram 1.1 0.5 25 0.4 2.6 2.1 4.8
Nagaland 8.4 9.3 0 9.1 100 9.3
Odisha 3.6 3.6 3.2 9.7 3.6 2.7 5.5 2.3
Puducherry 3.4 1.4 0 75 0.7 6.8
Punjab 9 9.2 5.8 8.7 4.8 9.2 5.8 8.6 7.1
Rajasthan 4.1 2.9 10.4 57.1 35.7 2.9 0 6.6 1.8
Sikkim 6.7 7.2 0 50 7 10.5 5.3 0
Tamil Nadu 3.3 2.3 8.9 0 10 2.3 2.1 7 3.8
Telangana 4.7 3.4 8.6 33.3 3.3 4.3 7.9 4.8
Tripura 2.3 2 11.1 12.5 2 2.3 6.1 2.3
Uttar Pradesh 8.8 4.9 9.9 73.3 7.1 4.9 13.3 14.1 7.7
Uttarakhand 4.1 3.2 20 76.9 28.6 3.1 5.8 6.6 3.8
West Bengal 3.3 3.4 12.9 17.7 15.9 3.4 6.8 2.6 1.6

Source: UDISE+ 2021-22

Concluding Observations

The widespread adoption of solar panels in Indian schools has brought about a positive transformation in the education system. The states have shown substantial progress in integrating solar energy into their educational infrastructure. This sustainable and environmentally friendly initiative ensures uninterrupted power supply, reduces operating costs, and fosters a sense of responsibility towards the environment among students. As India continues its journey towards a greener future, the education sector must be pivotal in embracing renewable energy solutions like solar panels.

In addition, Solar panels have emerged as a transformative solution, empowering schools across India to become more sustainable, save costs, and offer superior educational experiences. The presence of solar panels in schools can pave the way for a greener future and a more inclusive education system. Through continued efforts and investments in solar energy, schools can create environmentally conscious citizens and contribute to a brighter and cleaner tomorrow.

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