NGO Role in Tribal Education  and Empowerment

Usharani Chittimoju
Teacher, Bobbili School, Phool Bhag, , Vizianagaram, District, Andhra Pradesh

With a population of more than 102 million, India has the single largest tribal population in the world, which constitutes 8.6 percent of the total population of the country (Census of India, 2011). Scheduled Tribes are at the lowest strata of Indian Society. For generations, most of these communities were neglected by the rest of the nation. The tribals are spread in various parts of the country. More than 75 percent of India’s Tribal population resides in the Central Tribal Belt, comprising the states of Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Rajasthan.

In this article which is published on, Ms. Usharani Chittimoju, a school teacher in Vizianagaram District of Andhra Pradesh, discusses the role of NGOs in tribal education and their empowerment with regard to following critical problems which the tribals are facing and envisages that NGOs must work with the government for the socio-economic development of the entire tribal community:

  • Tribal communities migrate to different places for livelihood.
  • There is strong sentiment and attachment to a particular locality and hence the problem of rehabilitation and resettlement.
  • Lack of awareness regarding the importance of education and, in general, about water and sanitation, health.
  • Lacking access to information on different development and welfare schemes of the government.
  • Deprival of traditional livelihoods due to the declaration of some reserve forests as wildlife sanctuaries and national parks.
  • Large-scale displacement of development works like the construction of big dams
  • and mining operations.
  • Decreasing forest and loss of biodiversity.

With an aim to encourage teachers, the full article of Ms. Usharani is presented, which was published in IJTSRD (Volume III, November-Decemebr 2018). Users are advised to refer to the original source and give full reference to the material used in any form.

NGO Role in Tribal Education and Empowerment by Usharani Chittimoju