What is Gross Enrolment Ratio/Rate (GER)? How is participation of children is measured in India?

The gross enrolment Ratio is obtained by dividing the enrolment by the relevant age group child population. In the case of GER at the primary level, total enrolment in Grades I to V, irrespective of age, is considered, which is then divided by the corresponding child population ( 6 to 10+ years) and multiplied by 100 to obtain GER at the primary level. Because of overage and underage children, the GER is considered a crude indicator of children’s participation in educational programs. Therefore, it presents a misleading picture and is generally not used in plan formulation.