What initiatives has the government of India implemented to meet the challenges?

The government has implemented initiatives such as the Right to Education Act, Samagra Shiksha Abhiyan, National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan, Atal Tinkering Labs, strengthening teacher education programs, Digital India Initiative, Skill India Mission, and monitoring and evaluation mechanisms.