There are a number of challenges to achieving the 6% of GDP target for education. These include:
- Lack of political will: There is a lack of political will to invest in education. Politicians are often more interested in spending money on other things, such as infrastructure or defense.
- Lack of resources is one of the important reasons
- Poor planning and implementation: The government often does not have a clear plan for how it is going to spend its education budget. This leads to waste and inefficiency. In addition, the government often does not have the capacity to implement its plans effectively.
- Corruption: There is a lot of corruption in the education sector in India. This leads to misappropriation of funds and the provision of poor quality education.
Despite these challenges, there are some reasons to be hopeful. The government has recently made some commitments to improving education. In 2020, it released a new National Education Policy (NEP) that sets out a number of ambitious goals for the education sector. The NEP calls for universal access to quality education, from early childhood to higher education. It also calls for a focus on vocational education and training.
Only time will show how will the NEP be implemented. However, the NEP is a step in the right direction, and it could help India to achieve its goal of 6% expenditure on education to GDP.